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Get Started Using Python

This tutorial walks you through the basics of building a very simple XRP Ledger-connected application using xrpl-py , a pure Python library that makes it easy to interact with the XRP Ledger using native Python models and methods.

This tutorial is intended for beginners and should take no longer than 30 minutes to complete.

Learning goals

In this tutorial, you'll learn:

  • The basic building blocks of XRP Ledger-based applications.
  • How to connect to the XRP Ledger using xrpl-py.
  • How to generate a wallet on the Testnet using xrpl-py.
  • How to use the xrpl-py library to look up information about an account on the XRP Ledger.
  • How to put these steps together to create a simple Python app.

Requirements

The xrpl-py library supports Python 3.7 and later.

Installation

The xrpl-py library is available on PyPI . Install with pip:

pip3 install xrpl-py

Start building

When you're working with the XRP Ledger, there are a few things you'll need to manage, whether you're adding XRP into your wallet, integrating with the decentralized exchange, or issuing tokens. This tutorial walks you through basic patterns common to getting started with all of these use cases and provides sample code for implementing them.

Here are the basic steps you'll need to cover for almost any XRP Ledger project:

  1. Connect to the XRP Ledger.
  2. Generate a wallet.
  3. Query the XRP Ledger.

1. Connect to the XRP Ledger

To make queries and submit transactions, you need to establish a connection to the XRP Ledger. To do this with xrpl-py, use the xrp.clients module :

# Define the network client
from xrpl.clients import JsonRpcClient
JSON_RPC_URL = "https://s.altnet.rippletest.net:51234/"
client = JsonRpcClient(JSON_RPC_URL)

Connect to the production XRP Ledger

The sample code in the previous section shows you how to connect to the Testnet, which is one of the available parallel networks. When you're ready to integrate with the production XRP Ledger, you'll need to connect to the Mainnet. You can do that in two ways:

2. Generate wallet

To store value and execute transactions on the XRP Ledger, you need to create a wallet: a set of keys and an address that's been funded with enough XRP to meet the account reserve. The address is the identifier of your account and you use the private key to sign transactions that you submit to the XRP Ledger.

For testing and development purposes, you can use the XRP Faucets to generate keys and fund the account on the Testnet or Devnet. For production purposes, you should take care to store your keys and set up a secure signing method.

To make it easy to create a wallet on the Testnet, xrpl-py provides the generate_faucet_wallet method:

# Create a wallet using the testnet faucet:
# https://xrpl.org/xrp-testnet-faucet.html
from xrpl.wallet import generate_faucet_wallet
test_wallet = generate_faucet_wallet(client, debug=True)

This method returns a Wallet instance :

print(test_wallet)

# print output
public_key:: 022FA613294CD13FFEA759D0185007DBE763331910509EF8F1635B4F84FA08AEE3
private_key:: -HIDDEN-
classic_address: raaFKKmgf6CRZttTVABeTcsqzRQ51bNR6Q

Using the wallet

In this tutorial we only query details about the generated account from the XRP Ledger, but you can use the values in the Wallet instance to prepare, sign, and submit transactions with xrpl-py.

Prepare

To prepare the transaction:

# Prepare payment
from xrpl.models.transactions import Payment
from xrpl.utils import xrp_to_drops
my_tx_payment = Payment(
    account=test_account,
    amount=xrp_to_drops(22),
    destination="rPT1Sjq2YGrBMTttX4GZHjKu9dyfzbpAYe",
)
Sign

To sign the transaction:

# Sign the transaction
from xrpl.transaction import safe_sign_and_autofill_transaction

my_tx_payment_signed = safe_sign_and_autofill_transaction(my_tx_payment,test_wallet, client)
Send

To send the transaction:

# Submit and send the transaction
from xrpl.transaction import send_reliable_submission

tx_response = send_reliable_submission(my_tx_payment_signed, client)
Derive an X-address

You can use xrpl-py's xrpl.core.addresscodec module to derive an X-address from the Wallet.classic_address field:

# Derive an x-address from the classic address:
# https://xrpaddress.info/
from xrpl.core import addresscodec
test_xaddress = addresscodec.classic_address_to_xaddress(test_account, tag=12345, is_test_network=True)
print("\nClassic address:\n\n", test_account)
print("X-address:\n\n", test_xaddress)

The X-address format packs the address and destination tag into a more user-friendly value.

3. Query the XRP Ledger

You can query the XRP Ledger to get information about a specific account, a specific transaction, the state of a current or a historical ledger, and the XRP Ledger's decentralized exchange. You need to make these queries, among other reasons, to look up account info to follow best practices for reliable transaction submission.

Here, we'll use xrpl-py's xrpl.account module to look up information about the wallet we generated in the previous step.

# Look up info about your account
from xrpl.models.requests.account_info import AccountInfo
acct_info = AccountInfo(
    account=test_account,
    ledger_index="validated",
    strict=True,
)
response = client.request(acct_info)
result = response.result
print("response.status: ", response.status)
import json
print(json.dumps(response.result, indent=4, sort_keys=True))

4. Putting it all together

Using these building blocks, we can create a simple Python app that:

  1. Generates a wallet on the Testnet.
  2. Connects to the XRP Ledger.
  3. Looks up and prints information about the account you created.
# Define the network client
from xrpl.clients import JsonRpcClient
JSON_RPC_URL = "https://s.altnet.rippletest.net:51234/"
client = JsonRpcClient(JSON_RPC_URL)


# Create a wallet using the testnet faucet:
# https://xrpl.org/xrp-testnet-faucet.html
from xrpl.wallet import generate_faucet_wallet
test_wallet = generate_faucet_wallet(client, debug=True)

# Create an account str from the wallet
test_account = test_wallet.classic_address

# Derive an x-address from the classic address:
# https://xrpaddress.info/
from xrpl.core import addresscodec
test_xaddress = addresscodec.classic_address_to_xaddress(test_account, tag=12345, is_test_network=True)
print("\nClassic address:\n\n", test_account)
print("X-address:\n\n", test_xaddress)


# Look up info about your account
from xrpl.models.requests.account_info import AccountInfo
acct_info = AccountInfo(
    account=test_account,
    ledger_index="validated",
    strict=True,
)
response = client.request(acct_info)
result = response.result
print("response.status: ", response.status)
import json
print(json.dumps(response.result, indent=4, sort_keys=True))

To run the app, you can copy and paste the code into an editor or IDE and run it from there. Or you could download the file from the XRP Ledger Dev Portal repo and run it locally:

git clone [email protected]:XRPLF/xrpl-dev-portal.git
cd xrpl-dev-portal/content/_code-samples/xrpl-py/get-acct-info.py
python3 get-acct-info.py

You should see output similar to this example:

Classic address:

 rnQLnSEA1YFMABnCMrkMWFKxnqW6sQ8EWk
X-address:

 T7dRN2ktZGYSTyEPWa9SyDevrwS5yDca4m7xfXTGM3bqff8
response.status:  ResponseStatus.SUCCESS
{
    "account_data": {
        "Account": "rnQLnSEA1YFMABnCMrkMWFKxnqW6sQ8EWk",
        "Balance": "1000000000",
        "Flags": 0,
        "LedgerEntryType": "AccountRoot",
        "OwnerCount": 0,
        "PreviousTxnID": "5A5203AFF41503539D11ADC41BE4185761C5B78B7ED382E6D001ADE83A59B8DC",
        "PreviousTxnLgrSeq": 16126889,
        "Sequence": 16126889,
        "index": "CAD0F7EF3AB91DA7A952E09D4AF62C943FC1EEE41BE926D632DDB34CAA2E0E8F"
    },
    "ledger_current_index": 16126890,
    "queue_data": {
        "txn_count": 0
    },
    "validated": false
}

Interpreting the response

The response fields that you want to inspect in most cases are:

  • account_data.Sequence — This is the sequence number of the next valid transaction for the account. You need to specify the sequence number when you prepare transactions. With xrpl-py, you can use the get_next_valid_seq_number to get this automatically from the XRP Ledger. See an example of this usage in the project README .

  • account_data.Balance — This is the account's balance of XRP, in drops. You can use this to confirm that you have enough XRP to send (if you're making a payment) and to meet the current transaction cost for a given transaction.

  • validated — Indicates whether the returned data is from a validated ledger. When inspecting transactions, it's important to confirm that the results are final before further processing the transaction. If validated is true then you know for sure the results won't change. For more information about best practices for transaction processing, see Reliable Transaction Submission.

For a detailed description of every response field, see account_info.

Keep on building

Now that you know how to use xrpl-py to connect to the XRP Ledger, generate a wallet, and look up information about an account, you can also use xrpl-py to: