Install on Ubuntu or Debian Linux

This page describes the recommended instructions for installing the latest stable version of rippled on Ubuntu Linux 18.04 or higher or Debian 9 or higher, using the apt utility.

These instructions install a binary that has been compiled by Ripple.

Prerequisites

Before you install rippled, you must meet the System Requirements.

Installation Steps

  1. Update repositories:

    sudo apt -y update
    
  2. Install utilities:

    sudo apt -y install apt-transport-https ca-certificates wget gnupg
    
  3. Add Ripple's package-signing GPG key to your list of trusted keys:

    wget -q -O - "https://repos.ripple.com/repos/api/gpg/key/public" | \
      sudo apt-key add -
    
  4. Check the fingerprint of the newly-added key:

    apt-key finger
    

    The output should include an entry for Ripple such as the following:

    pub   rsa3072 2019-02-14 [SC] [expires: 2026-02-17]
          C001 0EC2 05B3 5A33 10DC 90DE 395F 97FF CCAF D9A2
    uid           [ unknown] TechOps Team at Ripple <techops+rippled@ripple.com>
    sub   rsa3072 2019-02-14 [E] [expires: 2026-02-17]
    

    In particular, make sure that the fingerprint matches. (In the above example, the fingerprint is on the second line, starting with C001.)

  5. Add the appropriate Ripple repository for your operating system version:

    echo "deb https://repos.ripple.com/repos/rippled-deb focal stable" | \
        sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ripple.list
    

    The above example is appropriate for Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa. For other operating systems, replace the word focal with one of the following:

    • bionic for Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver
    • xenial for Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus (Not recommended)
    • stretch for Debian 9 Stretch
    • buster for Debian 10 Buster

    If you want access to development or pre-release versions of rippled, use one of the following instead of stable:

    Warning: Unstable and nightly builds may be broken at any time. Do not use these builds for production servers.

  6. Fetch the Ripple repository.

    sudo apt -y update
    
  7. Install the rippled software package:

    sudo apt -y install rippled
    
  8. Check the status of the rippled service:

    systemctl status rippled.service
    

    The rippled service should start automatically. If not, you can start it manually:

    sudo systemctl start rippled.service
    

    To configure it to start automatically on boot:

    sudo systemctl enable rippled.service
    
  9. Optional: allow rippled to bind to privileged ports.

    This allows you to serve incoming API requests on port 80 or 443. (If you want to do so, you must also update the config file's port settings.)

    sudo setcap 'cap_net_bind_service=+ep' /opt/ripple/bin/rippled
    

Next Steps

It can take several minutes to sync with the rest of the XRP Ledger network, during which time the server outputs various warnings. For information about log messages, see Understanding Log Messages.

You can use the rippled commandline interface to see if your server is synced with the network:

/opt/ripple/bin/rippled server_info

If the server_state in the response is full or proposing, then your server is fully synced to the network. Otherwise, you may need to wait longer. Fresh servers usually sync within 15 minutes; servers that already have ledger history stored can take longer.

After your server has synchronized with the rest of the network, you have a fully functional XRP Ledger peer-to-peer server that you can use to submit transactions or get API access to the XRP Ledger. See Client Libraries or HTTP / WebSocket APIs for different ways to communicate with the server.

If you use the XRP Ledger for your business or you just want to contribute to the stability of the network, you should run one server as a validator. For information about validating servers and why you might want to run one, see Run rippled as a Validator.

Having trouble getting your server started? See rippled Server Won't Start.

Additional Configuration

rippled should connect to the XRP Ledger with the default configuration. However, you can change your settings by editing the rippled.cfg file. For recommendations about configuration settings, see Capacity Planning.

The recommended installation uses the config file /etc/opt/ripple/rippled.cfg by default. Other places you can put a config file include $HOME/.config/ripple/rippled.cfg (where $HOME is the home directory of the user running rippled), $HOME/.local/ripple/rippled.cfg, or the current working directory from where you start rippled.

See the rippled GitHub repository for a description of all configuration options.

You must restart rippled for any configuration changes to take effect:

    $ sudo systemctl restart rippled.service

If you change the [debug_logfile] or [database_path] sections, you may need to grant ownership of the new configured path to the user you run rippled as.

Updates

You must update rippled regularly to remain synced with the rest of the XRP Ledger network. You can subscribe to the rippled Google Group to receive notifications of new rippled releases.

The rippled package includes a script you can use to enable automatic updates on Linux. On other platforms, you must update manually.

See Also